The following A-Z index gives brief technical descriptions of a small selection of the equipment in use in East Sussex by the Fire & Rescue Service.A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
The appliance is capable of reaching 32m in height and 18m horizontally. It also has the capacity to work at areas below ground level, eg over bridges etc. The cage at the end of the extending arm allows firefighters to rescue casualties from a height and provides the option of dispersing large volumes of water over the fire.
Breathing Apparatus equipment PS100ET is supplied by Draeger Ltd and is part of a firefighters PPE (Personal Protective Equipment). Its is made up of a face mask, back plate, hose and valve and electronic monitoring unit.
Breathing Apparatus Cylinder is supplied by Draeger Ltd and is a lightweight carbon composite and hols 2430 litres of air compressed to 300 bar pressure giving 50 minutes working time.
The Aerial Appliance at Eastbourne has a Closed Circuit Television Camera fitted to the front of the cage. The camera can be controlled remotely to allow information to be gathered from situations where it would be unsafe for personnel to operate.
The Siemens Electronic Personal Alarm Dosimeter (EPD) is a compact unit that detects and measures beta, gamma and x-ray radiation. It is capable of measuring absorbed dose in either microSieverts of milliSieverts.
ESFRS use this as their standard front line fire engine, therefore it is normally the first appliance to arrive at an incident. Due to this fact it was designed to deliver the maximum number of firefighters to an incident in the shortest time, with the versatility to be able to cope with the variety of incidents that make up modern day firefighting. It is known as a Water Tender Ladder Rescue, in that it holds water to extinguish a fire, ladders to help reach a fire and rescue equipment used for road traffic accidents. It also houses many other pieces of equipment, some of which are listed below:
The One-Seven system is so-called because it produces seven droplets of finished foam for each droplet of water entering the system. The major advantages of the system when compared to water are:
Two separate onboard tanks each carry 50 litres of foam concentrate. The tank supplying concentrate to the compressor unit can be switched from the control panel, providing Class A and Class B firefighting capability.
The main foam compressor unit is located above the dedicated foam hosereel in the nearside-rear locker, ensuring that the space utilised is kept to a minimum. For speed of operation and convenience, the control panel has been built into the pump bay.
Whilst it is anticipated that the dedicated hosereel will be suitable for most applications, the system can also be operated through lay-flat delivery hose connected to an outlet on the main compressor unit. This provides the additional flexibility for situations where far greater delivery lengths are required, for example, forest firefighting operations.
The composition of the finished foam can be varied at the control panel, allowing the operator to select either wet or dry foam as appropriate to the incident. In order to compensate for the replacement of the offside hosereel with the foam system, the nearside hosereel has been redesigned to provide an additional 30 metres, providing a total of 90 metres of traditional hosereel tubing.
Evaluations of the One-Seven system have demonstrated clear advantages over traditional methods in external firefighting operations. ESFRS is now undertaking further evaluation and training with a view to developing the system toward use in internal structural firefighting operations. East Sussex personnel have visited Holland in order to utilise the extensive experience of Delft Fire Brigade, who have been using the system for a number of years. This has led to the formation of excellent information sharing facilities and a wider understanding of firefighting techniques and system capabilities.
ESFRS are currently undertaking research and evaluation into the provision of Ground Monitors to Frontline Appliances. Three Ground Monitors are being considered currently. They are The Akron Oscillating Ozzie 911, The Leader Group PartnerLite Oscillating Monitor (pictured) and the Rosenbauer PowerStream. All are small enough to be stowed on Frontline Appliances and are capable of delivering between 1200 and 2500 Litres per min.
Portable Hydraulic operated rescue equipment with a variety of tools i.e. dedicated cutters, spreaders, rams. Hydraulic system powered by 3HP four-stroke petrol engine capable of creating a cutting force of 90 tonnes.
Typically a Fire Appliance will carry a variety of ladders including 10.5m or 13.5m ladder. One or more roof ladders, 4.5m rigid and/or folding, extension ladders.
The MODAS is an appliance mounted in Fire Appliance cabs which is able to collate, generate, distribute and display risk and mapping data. Key features of MODAS are:
The monitor is a Portable Oscillating Monitor with a powerful sweeping water stream for high performance fire attack and protection.
Positive Pressure Ventilation is used to clear smoke from a building. Smoke follows the behaviour of fluids by moving from a region of high pressure to one of low pressure. High volumetric flow rate fans are used to create a slight positive pressure in a compartment to force smoke out of strategically placed exhaust points. Once smoke is removed then this allows a thorough check of the building.
Landrover Pump Appliance is designed to act as a lightweight firefighting appliance ideal for accessing rural and remote areas. It is fitted with a water tank and pump, hoses and equipment to be able to cope with most small rural fires. Types of incident that it may attend include:
The RADOS is a compact, self-monitoring, lightweight, battery operated, microprocessor based, multi-purpose survey meter. It provides a portable means for detecting and monitoring gamma radiation and beta particles.
The new combined Shovel and Spade unit has the ability to act as both but with the added safety feature of an insulated and certificated handle should we hit any underground or hidden cable whilst digging or clearing out following an incident. It was developed for BT who have similar Health and Safety and operational requirements.
The Robusta 351W pump is dropped into a flooded area and will discharge 426 litres of water per minute.
A dedicated vehicle designed and equipped to provide specialist assistance at Road Traffic Collisions, Incidents involving Commercial Vehicles, Aircraft or Trains, Building Collapse, Trench Collapse etc. also incidents requiring specialist Environmental Protection equipment. Manned by a dedicated, specialist team of experts.
ESFRS have recently introduced a new Thermal Image Camera into the service. The all new Argus 4 TIC is a compact camera unit that uses the latest Infrared technology to provide a Thermal Image for the user at operational incidents. The Argus 4 has the ability to take and store photographic style images which can be used to assist with Fire Investigation and also for Operational Debriefs. All Extended Rescue Pumps within ESFRS have Thermal Image Cameras available in addition to those strategically placed on Water Tenders. .
Used to prolong Firefighter effectiveness in cold water The suits are water proof and are constructed of layers of nylon and butyl.
Lifting bags are multi-layered construction reinforced with Steel or Kevlar and are used for lifting heavy weights (30 tonnes).
The Twin Capstan Winches are powered by a 5.5HP Honda 4-stroke petrol engine and are used for rope rescue incidents to haul casualties, equipment and rescuers from Cliffs and Quaries, etc.