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Black Museum cases

  • Bio Ethanol burnerFire caused by by the refilling of a Bio Ethanol ornamental burner
  • Bottled propane gas supplyA suspected fault in a gas cooker and its bottled propane gas supply caused an excess amount of gas to enter the already ignited oven. This immediately caused a sheet of flame to spread up the wall behind the cooker and over the ceiling.
  • Bread Jammed In ToasterBread jammed in toaster
  • Cable drumElectrical overload of an extension cable drum with a large proportion of the cable still wound onto the drum.
  • Cable theftCable theft
  • Camping gas cylinderThis fire was caused when gas escaped from a camping gas cylinder whilst it was being changed by the light of a candle.
  • Capacitor failure in Fridge Freezer.The fire occurred in the early hours of the morning in a flat on the first floor of a purpose built block of five floors. The fire caused severe damage to the kitchen and hallway, the remainder of the flat was severely damaged by heat and smoke.
  • Carelessly discarded cigaretteThis fire was thought to be most likely caused by a carelessly discarded cigarette that ignited some rubbish between a garden shed and a fence.
  • Carelessly discarded smoking materialsAlways use an ashtray when smoking and remember to take care when emptying the contents. Ensure cigarettes are completely extinguished and avoid emptying ashtrays immediately before leaving a premises or going to bed.
  • Chemical decomposition by heatPyrolysis - the chemical decomposition of a substance by the action of heat.
  • Child playing with a disposable lighterIt has often been said that installing a suitable sprinkler system is like having a Fire fighter in every room 24 hours a day 7 days a week!
  • Chinese lanternIt is believed that the heat from the burning fuel cell in the lantern melted the plastic roof causing molten plastic and component parts of the Chinese sky lantern to fall on to the conservatory floor.
  • Chip pan fireWhilst with the development of oven chips, the instances of chip pan fires have reduced over recent years - this incident shows that clearly they are still being used.
  • Computer Fire & Building ConstructionComputer Fire & Building Construction
  • Consumer unit ('Fuse Box')Consumer unit ('Fuse Box')
  • Cotton laundry auto-ignitionCotton laundry including chefs whites, aprons, tea towels, cloths etc. contaminated with organic air drying oils (organic cooking oils), which had been freshly tumble dried and left stacked in plastic baskets, self-heating resulting in auto-ignition.
  • Cutlery in a dishwasherOne of the knives fell out of the dishwasher's cutlery basket and became jammed between the cutlery basket, water spray rotor and heating element.
  • Deep fat fryerA deep fat fryer left on a gas cooker, ignited in the kitchen of a residential bungalow.A deep fat fryer left on a gas cooker, ignited in the kitchen of a residential bungalow.
  • e-cigarette (1)This incident illustrates the need for caution when looking for a safe and effective way to stop smoking.
  • e-cigarette (2)Electronic cigarettes are an increasingly popular way for people to reduce the amount of tobacco they smoke or stop smoking altogether. While the immediate health benefits may be obvious, e-cigarettes they can pose a fire safety risk.
  • Electric desk fanThis incident shows the value of good fire safety precautions and staff training within the work place.
  • Electric heater accidently switched onThis fire was caused by the occupant of a bedroom accidentally causing an electric bar type heater to be switched on, when they placed some bin liners of clothing in a bedroom cupboard - forcing the heater body against the switch.
  • Electrical fault in a dishwasherFire & Rescue Services are very aware of the potential dangers caused by householders continuing to use faulty products that have been subject to a manufacturers recall especially where the identified fault can lead to fire.
  • Electrical fault in a motorhomeWhere motorhomes & caravans are stored in close proximity fire will spread rapidly and if the site is unoccupied can go unnoticed for a considerable time. Early detection and warning can be crucial in limiting the spread of fire and potential damage.
  • Electrical Fault In Livery YardFire started in a stable block due to an electrical fault
  • Failure of Lithium Polymer battery pack (1)Lithium Polymer (Li-Po) batteries should never be allowed to fall below a certain minimum voltage or be allowed to be totally discharged.
  • Failure of Lithium Polymer battery pack (2)Severe fire damage created by the burning Lithium Polymer (Li-Po) rechargeable battery pack
  • Faulty cut-out fuseYou can greatly reduce the potential for an electrical fault to cause a fire to develop, by ensuring that you do not store combustible material (fuel) in close proximity to electrical equipment.
  • Faulty dishwasherWe recommend disconnecting any appliances not in use, electrical appliances even when not in use, can still cause a fire. Where possible, switch off appliances and close doors as part of your regular bedtime routine.
  • Faulty electrical intakeA faulty electrical intake caused a serious fire in the cellar of a public house.
  • Fluorescent light fittingA fault within a fluorescent light fitting ignited the plastic diffuser rapidly producing large amounts of thick black smoke.
  • Hair straightenersElectric hair straighteners were left unattended and switched on, leading to smouldering ignition of clothing laid on the floor in front of a wardrobe and the laminate flooring itself.
  • Hover boardsPlease take care when charging these devices don't leave them on charge when unattended or while you're asleep, or for longer than recommended in the manufacturer's instructions.
  • Hoverboard OverheatedThere have been numerous cases reported in the press of hoverboards, or their chargers, overheating which has in some instances lead to fires.
  • Jumbo lighterA jumbo lighter ignited following a malfunction causing burns to a book, table and carpet. The lighter continued to release gas after being used until ignited by a nearby candle.
  • Laundry not left to coolThis story shows the importance of allowing tumble dried laundry to cool before storing safely.
  • Lightning strikeBe prepared, have a torch, battery powered radio and mobile phone charged and accessible.
  • Magnifying glass (1)Magnifying glasses left in a pot on a bedside table, which focused the sun's rays coming through the window on to the bed.
  • Magnifying glass (2)This fire was caused by a magnifying glass that was left on a window sill, causeding the suns rays to focus onto curtains, which eventually caught fire and spread to an office desk and paperwork.
  • Mirror reflected sunlightThis fire illustrates the need to take extra care when placing mirrors, magnifying glasses or any other object capable of concentrating the sun's rays and causing a fire.
  • Mobility scooterThe investigation into the cause of this fire was not conclusive however; it was thought most likely to have been accidental due to an electrical fault within the scooter.
  • Oven lined with aluminium foilOvens should be always be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Always check that any ventilation gap requirements are followed.
  • Over heating cut out fuseThis fire was caused by a cut out fuse overheating causing combustible materials stored around it to ignite.
  • Overheated wheatbag (1)Wheat bags should only be used in accordance with manufacturers instructions and must not be placed in a microwave at either too high a power setting and / or for too long a time.
  • Overheated wheatbag (2)A "wheat bag" that had been left in a microwave for longer than the manufacturers recommended time caused this fire.
  • Oxygen rich firesThe main ways to prevent oxygen enrichment are to keep oxygen equipment in good condition and to take care when using it.
  • Pan of fatAutomatic Water Suppression Systems, the most common of which are sprinkler systems, provide the best possible form of protection to life and property from fire.
  • Petrol vapourTo do the soldering, he decided to use a wax covered taper. In order to use the taper, he had to melt off the wax so he stood in the doorway with a match doing this. At some point during this process, petrol vapour in the garage ignited.
  • Potting compost (1)Compost can spontaneously ignite given the correct circumstances. If smoke is seen rising from planters, ensure copious water is applied immediately. Should this not deal with the problem call out the fire service.
  • Potting compost (2)Planters that had not been watered for some considerable time and the foliage was dead and very dry
  • PVC cable insulation and polystyrene insulationFire Caused by the reaction between PVC cable insulation and polystyrene insulation.
  • Smouldering peat in a flower potA smouldering fire started in dry peat contained in a terracotta plant pot that was kept in the bathroom of a residential flat.
  • Spontaneous combustion of linseed oilThis fire occurred in a Church undergoing refurbishment, after a contractor left a pile of linseed oil soaked rags in a bin overnight. The rags had just been used to apply the linseed oil as a sealer to some flooring.
  • Sprinklers save lives and propertySprinklers save lives and property
  • Thatch fireFire involving a Grade II listed thatched cottage dating back to c1680. Most likely origin of fire: External face of thatched roof. Most likely cause of fire: Accidental - Burning ember from chimney igniting thatch.
  • Unattended BBQThe vast majority of forest and bush fires are caused by people and whilst some are due to deliberate fire setting or arson, most are accidental caused by carelessness.
  • Unattended candles (1)Tall candles burned down and set fire to an artificial flower display. The burning flowers fell from the mantelpiece and ignited a sofa and cause considerable damage to the living room.
  • Unattended candles (2)Fire caused by an unattended scented candle placed too close to curtains caused a major fire and significant damage.
  • Vanity mirrorFocussed sunlight from a vanity mirror is believed to have burnt both an adjacent curtain and the sash of a uPVC window. The vanity mirror was placed on top of a chest of drawers next to a west-facing window in a first floor room.
  • Vulnerable people and clothing firesThis was sadly a fatal fire where an elderly gentleman who was confined to a wheel chair, accidentally ignited a jacket he was wearing.
  • Vulnerable people and smokingWith tragic results, an elderly gentleman accidently dropped a burning match on to his lap, igniting his clothing and the chair he was sitting in.
  • Vulnerable People and SmokingAccidental ignition from discarded cigarette onto tissues or other combustible materials.
  • Wheelie Bin arsonThis fire was started by a person passing by, who ignited rubbish adjacent to the wheelie bin. The fire spread to the wheelie bin and then the building under the exterior cladding.
  • Wood burning stove in a Mongolian YurtWood burning stove in a Mongolian Yurt. Purchase a purpose made wood burner that conforms to British Standards.
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